Regular fitness and health exercise improves people’s lifespans through the resulting enhanced function of most of the organs of the body. Improved heart function aids in proper distribution of blood and oxygen to all the parts of the body. Proper pumping of blood increases the blood flow in the peripheries of the body— the arms and legs—and improved functioning of the cells lining the blood vessels. Aerobic exercise has been found to improve the function of these cells. This helps the organs and tissues in the body to perform effectively, even with increasing age. Furthermore, it has been found that the risk of heart disorders is decreased in individuals who do fitness and health exercises regularly.1,2
Regular exercise appears to have a positive effect in tissues of the body. It enhances various mechanisms which help in improving the performances of the numerous cells and tissues that normally tend to slow down owing to increased aging. Regular exercises also seems to decrease the incidence of a wide range of diseases such as heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, rheumatic arthritis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson diseases, and certain cancers.3,4 An individual can lead a healthy and long life with regular fitness and health exercises., In addition, I.M. Lee and his associates at the Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, in a review of a group of studies concluded that physical activity is effective in postponing mortality and enhancing longevity. The studies by Lee et al have shown that higher levels of physical activity are associated with decreased risks of different age-related disorders such as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, colon, and possibly breast cancer, osteoporosis and the overall improvement of general health and longevity.5
- Naylor LH, et al. The Athlete’s Heart: A Contemporary Appraisal of the ‘Morganroth Hypothesis’. Sports Med. 2008; 38(1): 69–90.
- Umpierre D, Stein R. Hemodynamic and Vascular Effects of Resistance Training: Implications for Cardiovascular Disease. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2007; 89(4): 256–262.
- Goto S, et al. Hormetic Effects of Regular Exercise in Aging: Correlation with Oxidative Stress.
- Radak Z, Chung HY, Goto S. Systemic Adaptation to Oxidative Challenge Induced by Regular Exercise. Free Radic Biol Med. 2008; 44(2): 153–159.
- Lee IM, Paffenbarger RS Jr, Hennekens CH. Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and Longevity. Aging (Milano). 1997; 9(1-2): 2–11.