Additionally, control of posture and walking patterns has a positive effect on attentiveness in young adults. As age progresses, attentiveness decreases, which affects posture and balance of people.1 Increased pain has been observed in muscles and bones due to improper posture in many individuals. Fortunately, it has been shown that proper exercises performed on a regular basis improve posture by enhancing muscle function and also coordination.2 Being involved in physical and sporting activities has been shown to improve control of posture almost at all levels—from muscles and nerves to the brain—by improving reflexes and through the influence on hormones.
A study conducted at the Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg, Germany, highlights the relevance of balance training, postural control, injury prevention and rehabilitation—along with athletic performance.3 Regular exercises are advisable for individuals to improve body posture. These may range from simple workouts on a chair to stretching exercises on the floor. Proper strengthening exercises strengthen the back, improve posture and reduce the incidence of back pain.4,5
Consequently, if you want to address backache, neck and shoulder stiffness and wrist problems, among other issues, consider doing exercises which improve your posture.
- Woollacott M, Shumway-Cook A. Attention and the Control of Posture and Gait: A Review of an Emerging Area of Research. Gait Posture. 2002; 16(1): 1–14.
- Gauchard GC, et al. Physical Activity Improves Gaze and Posture Control in the Elderly. Neurosci Res. 2003; 45(4): 409–117.
- Taube W, Gruber M, Gollhofer A. Spinal and Supraspinal Adaptations Associated with Balance Training and Their Functional Relevance. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2008; 193(2): 101–16.
- Prins Y, Crous L, Louw QA. A Systematic Review of Posture and Psychosocial Factors as Contributors to Upper Quadrant Musculoskeletal Pain in Children and Adolescents. Physiother Theory Pract. 2008; 24(4): 221–242.
- Akuthota V, Ferreiro A, Moore T, Fredericson M. Core Stability Exercise Principles. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008; 7(1): 39–44.