Regular exercise has been found to improve coordination, endurance, flexibility and strength of the muscles.1 Sadly, the ability to balance begins to decline as age progresses. This situation leads to increased risk of falls and injury. In many fitness centers, suitable exercises have been advised on a regular basis to improve the ability of individuals to balance and prevent accidental falls. Exercise trains the muscles as well as the cells and tissues of the nervous system to function in association with each other.
Women tend to suffer from bone loss with increasing age and are more prone to bone fractures following minor falls. For that reason, regular exercise in elderly women improves muscle strength, coordination and balance—thereby reducing the number of falls and accidental fractures.2
In a recent study, scientists have concluded that doing exercises effectively enhances the balance function and coordination of movements in order to prevent falls.3 A study in Manchester reported that improvements in locomotor function or the ability to move around in older adults can be seen within four–six weeks of beginning to do physical exercises. This issue emphasizes the need of proper exercise training on a regular basis to improve the functioning of the body. Additionally, studies published in leading international journals have highlighted the role of regular exercise in adults for increasing muscle strength and improving balance. As a result, the frequency of falls and injuries also decreases.4,5
For expert training in the use of regular exercise to improve muscle function, many people find fitness centers offer good value and the motivation needed to maintain health and fitness.
- Miyakoshi N. Therapeutic Exercise. Clin Calcium. 2008; 18(11): 1611–1615.
- Karlsson M. Has Exercise an Antifracture Efficacy in Women? Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2004; 14(1): 2–15.
- Wong AM, Lan C. Tai Chi and Balance Control. Med Sport Sci. 2008; 52: 115–123.
- Mian OS, Baltzopoulos V, Minetti AE, Narici MV. The Impact of Physical Training on Locomotor Function in Older People. Sports Med. 2007; 37(8): 683–701.
- Karlsson MK. Skeletal Effects of Exercise in Men. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001; 69(4): 196–199.