Bad food habits and lack of exercise are two of the factors that are commonly associated with weight gain and poor fitness. To compensate, we simply tend to cut down on foods, and this diet plan can have adverse effects on our general health. Exercise benefits our fitness and health, as it helps us to burn the calories gained from the foods we eat on a regular basis.
Performing exercises on a regular basis helps to improve the metabolic rate which, in turn, can increase our energy intake in the form of calories. This was proven in a study conducted in Netherlands wherein the researchers noted a positive relation between exercise and appetite.1 Another study performed in Seattle on adolescents in the age group of 15-17 years found that adolescents who slept during the day were prone to eat more and were at an increased risk for being overweight or obese.2 Sleeping for a long duration also slows down the body’s metabolic rate due to inactivity. Again, exercise can help us to be active and improve our metabolic rate. Studies have suggested that a balance in energy is brought about by regulation of calorie intake (proper nutrition)3.
Further, people who are engaged in fitness exercises and sports have a high metabolic rate due to additional expenditure of energy. Such a fitness regimen involves additional use of energy and, therefore, an increase in food intake. However, this does not make people obese, as the calories obtained from the food they take in are immediately burned to meet the increased energy requirements of the body. Consequently, proper nutrition is crucial for keeping a healthy balance between eating and exercising.
- de Jong N, Chin A Paw MJ, de Graaf C, van Staveren WA. Effect of Dietary Supplements and Physical Exercise on Sensory Perception, Appetite, Dietary Intake and Body Weight in Frail Elderly Subjects. Br J Nutr. 2000 Jun; 83(6):605-13.
- Landis AM, Parker KP, Dunbar SB. Sleep, Hunger, Satiety, Food Cravings, and Caloric Intake in Adolescents. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2009; 41(2):115-23.
- Visona C; George VA. Impact of Dieting Status and Dietary Restraint on Post exercise Energy Intake in Overweight Women. Obesity Research. 2002; 12: 1251–1258.